Causes and Symptoms of Arrhythmia
Writer: Prof. Dr. Yavuz Besogul
Rhythm disorder is a heart problem that can be seen in young or middle-aged and older individuals. Although arrhythmia causes symptoms such as stuttering sensation, dizziness and blackout, the most common symptoms of arrhythmia problem are heart palpitations.
Heart Palpitations and Arrhythmia
Heart palpitations may occur due to reasons such as stress, fatigue, excessive caffeine consumption, alcohol and tobacco consumption. If palpitations continue even though the conditions causing palpitations have disappeared, arrhythmia may be suspected.
If, in addition to palpitations, symptoms such as loss of consciousness, feeling of pressure in the chest, fainting and blackening of the eyes are observed, a doctor should be consulted. Heart electrodes are taken to detect heart rhythm disturbances. In this way, the presence of arrhythmia can be investigated, and if there is an arrhythmia, its type can also be determined. However, electrocardiography may not always be sufficient. In such cases, holter is performed.
Arrhythmia can also occur in cases of extreme stress or sadness due to hereditary predisposition. Arrhythmia can even cause sudden death, especially in individuals at risk for cardiovascular disease.
Is There a Rhythm Disorder Treatment?
There is treatment for heart rhythm disorder. These treatments fall into three categories;
Surgical treatment; seen as advanced heart rhythm disorders may require surgical intervention. Heart rhythm disorder surgery can also be performed during valve surgery and bypass surgery. It varies depending on the course of the disease.
Electrical Therapy; It is a type of treatment method applied when the drugs used by the patient with heart rhythm disorder do not have an effect or the drugs cause side effects. This method applied for arrhythmia is also called "catheter ablation". This treatment method applied to patients is carried out in the hospital by cardiologists who specialize in rhythm disorders (electrophysiologists).
Medication; Medicines used to treat arrhythmia can slow down the heart's rhythm, which has a faster heartbeat than normal, and turn it into a normal heart rate. The drugs used in this treatment are called "antiarrhythmics".
The most commonly used drugs to reduce heart rate are; calcium channel blockers, digoxin and beta blockers. Although these drugs, used under the supervision of a doctor, have a positive effect on the patient, they may also have a very rare side effect.