How is Embolism Treated?

Embolism Treatment: The formation of blood clots in the veins from bottom to top in the body increases the risk of life. As a result of early diagnosis, treatment must be started immediately and the clot must be dissolved or treated according to the diagnosis. It has been observed that newly developed drugs give more positive results in the treatment of blood thinning and clot dissolution compared to the old ones.

All About Vein Occlusion

Prof. Dr. Yavuz Beşoğul

Before moving on to the question of what is Embolism Treatment, let's find the answer to the question of what is embolism, also known as clots in the lungs. Types of arteries are arteries and veins. Embolism is the accumulation of blood in the problematic vein and clotting within the vein as a result of blockage or narrowing in the arteries. In other words, embolism is a blood clot that moves from one part of our body to another. It can be divided into classes such as lung embolism (Pulmonary embolism) and brain embolism.

Every age group is at risk of embolism. Although the causes of embolism vary from hereditary causes and previous clotting, a definitive diagnosis cannot be made for nearly half of the cases encountered. Common causes of embolism include pregnancy, use of birth control medications, hormone treatments or infection, cardiorespiratory failure, joint inflammation, and any surgery. Symptoms of embolism most commonly manifest as shortness of breath, rapid breathing, cough and bloody sputum, and severe chest pain. Since it is known that the high mortality rates caused by pulmonary embolism are known, people who are in the disease risk group and show symptoms should definitely consult a physician. They should not avoid embolism treatment in case of a possible situation.

How Long Does Embolism Treatment Take?

Embolism treatment is determined by the doctor in the light of the above-mentioned situations and is generally done by applying heparin for 3 days and then using oral blood thinners for 7 days. The patient can be discharged after a total of 10 days of treatment with the use of doses correctly determined according to blood values.

Embolism Risk Factors

  • Oral contraceptive use
  • chemotherapy treatment,
  • Postpartum/ Pregnancy
  • Major traumas experienced
  • Stroke
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Obesity
  • Cancer

Things Embolism Patients Should Pay Attention to

Embolism, which we can include in the preventable disease classification, can be prevented by simple exercise movements that can be easily done in our daily lives, by eating a balanced diet and consuming healthy foods, by staying away from smoking, and by being careful not to remain inactive for a long time.
It is important to take simple but effective measures that will keep us away from serious problems, such as moving our feet up and down when standing for a long time. Patients who are in the process of embolism treatment, who show symptoms, or who have been diagnosed will also see that realizing these situations makes significant contributions to the treatment and recovery process.

Things the Patient Should Pay Attention to After Embolism Treatment

People who have had the disease before have a high probability of contracting the disease again. Therefore, after embolism treatment, it is necessary to check whether there are symptoms of Deep Vein Thrombosis in the legs to prevent the risk of blood clot formation. When a person feels pain, swelling, tenderness or redness, he/she should consult his/her physician directly.

People who have had the disease must use blood thinning medications for a long time. Thanks to these medications, the likelihood of the disease not recurring is low, so medication use is important. People who use blood thinning medications after treatment should definitely pay attention to their nutrition. Some types of oils, types of fish and green leafy vegetables high in vitamin K should be consumed carefully or not at all, so it will be very useful to follow your diet as recommended by your doctor.

When the patient returns to his normal life after Embolism Treatment, he may have difficulty breathing and get tired easily during housework or normal walks. Accordingly, the doctor tries to increase the patient's breathing and strength by giving breathing exercises to the patient. You must do the breathing exercises prescribed by your doctor.

Compression Stockings help prevent clots that may occur in the legs. The feature of the sock is that it narrows towards the ankles, allowing the leg muscles to move blood upwards.

The person should quit smoking, avoid long journeys unless necessary, and if overweight, control his/her weight with the help of an expert.

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