Factors Affecting Heart Health

Working in a certain order, order and system, the heart is one of the most important organs in our vital functions with its unique structure and way of working. The main function of the heart is to send dirty blood coming from different parts of the body to the lungs, ensuring that it is cleaned with oxygen and pumping the cleaned blood back to the body. Cells in different parts of the body receive their nutrition and the oxygen they need from the clean blood that reaches them. Each part within the heart works in a specific order and order. On the one hand, the blood collected from the body is sent to the lungs, and on the other hand, the cleaned blood from the lungs is pumped into the body. Therefore, it has a structure that works with a heart system. There are many factors that affect heart health. Many factors, from nutrition to exercise, play an important role in having a healthy heart and cardiovascular structure.

Article Content
  1. Causes of Heart Diseases
  2. Factors Affecting Heart Health
  3. The Importance of Nutrition in Maintaining Heart Health
  4. The Importance of Exercise in Maintaining Heart Health
  5. The Importance of Early Diagnosis in Heart Diseases
  6. Things to Consider After Heart Surgery

1. Causes of Heart Diseases

Heart diseases can be divided into two: congenital or acquired cardiovascular diseases. Heart diseases can occur due to disorders in the parts of the heart structure and cardiovascular vessels. Therefore, there are a wide variety of heart diseases due to these problems. When these diseases are evaluated in general, the causes of heart diseases can be listed as follows:

  • Congenital heart diseases
  • Rheumatic heart diseases
  • connective tissue diseases
  • Degeneration of the heart structure with aging
  • Deterioration of cardiovascular structure
  • Lifestyle accompanied by unhealthy diet, sedentary lifestyle, excess weight, smoking, stress and some drug use

2.Factors Affecting Heart Health

  • Genetic predisposition
  • Unhealthy eating
  • still life
  • Cholesterol
  • cigarette consumption
  • excess weight
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Stress

3.The Importance of Nutrition in Maintaining Heart Health

One of the main risk factors for heart diseases is unhealthy and unbalanced nutrition. Consuming especially saturated fats, animal fats and cholesterol-rich foods causes high cholesterol and disrupts the structure of the heart vessels. A heart attack may occur due to some blockages as a result of the deterioration of the structure of the vessels feeding the heart. Therefore, in protecting heart health, it is very important that LDL cholesterol and HDL cholesterol levels are at the required levels. In addition, a diet such as fast food, ready-made food, and an unbalanced diet that does not include enough vegetables and fruits increases the risk of heart diseases. Excessive weight gain may also occur due to unhealthy and unbalanced nutrition. As a result, a balanced diet that includes a variety of vitamins and minerals and a diet with normal cholesterol levels has a very important place in protecting heart health and vascular structure.

4.The Importance of Exercise in Maintaining Heart Health

Another risk factor in protecting heart health is a sedentary life. An active life that includes exercise and sports positively affects the functioning of the heart. In addition, it helps against cholesterol and high blood pressure problems while also reducing the amount of fat in the body. Therefore, when evaluated as a whole, it is an undeniable fact that exercise and sports have a very important place in protecting heart health. The heart is one of our organs that has a structure that gets stronger as it works. One of the issues that should be emphasized here is that the exercise should be done correctly and for the appropriate time. Exercises and sports options that best suit the person's general health condition should be preferred. When necessary, specialist physician advice should be sought on this subject. Some habits that cause less movement in daily life should be changed.

5. The Importance of Early Diagnosis in Heart Diseases

Early diagnosis is very important in the treatment of heart diseases. Treatment of heart diseases detected at an early stage, before the disease progresses and causes some defects in the heart structure, prevents further damage to the heart. For example; If heart valve problems can be detected early and there is the necessary fitness, they can be treated with valve repair without the need for valve replacement. Living with one's own heart valve is better than having an artificial heart valve installed. In order for the heart valve to be repaired, it must be at an early stage, that is, the problem in the heart valve must not have reached advanced levels. Another example is detecting a heart problem in the baby's womb during pregnancy, making necessary preparations depending on the condition of the problem, and perhaps postnatal surgery to help the baby hold on to life. It is very important for people with symptoms of heart diseases to be checked by a specialist cardiologist. It is also beneficial for people with a family history of heart disease or heart attack to have the necessary check-ups.

6. Things to Consider After Heart Surgery

One of the most important issues after heart surgery is that patients act as recommended by the physician. For example, after heart valve replacement, patients need to be careful about using blood thinners and protecting themselves against infections. In addition, smoking, which plays an important role in the emergence of heart diseases, should not be consumed and attention should be paid to diet regarding cholesterol. Patients who quit smoking due to heart surgery should not start smoking again. However, regular exercises should be included in daily life in line with the recommendations of specialist physicians. In addition, regular physician check-ups to check and monitor the patient's condition and heart health should not be neglected. It should not be forgotten that a healthy heart means a healthy life.

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