What are Varicose Veins?

Expansion of veins under the skin arrival It is defined as . Varicose veins appear blue, twisted and enlarged just under the skin. At first, it may cause visual discomfort to the person, but later on it may cause pain. Expansion of the veins causes swelling in the body. But increasing arrival Even large vascular bundles and vascular cracks can be seen with these symptoms. Although varicose veins are more common in women than in men, the incidence of this disease increases with age.

What are the Symptoms of Varicose Veins?

The symptoms caused by varicose veins in patients can be listed as follows.

  • Blue purple bumps
  • Pain
  • Feeling of heaviness in legs
  • swelling in the legs
  • numbness in legs
  • Itching

Types of Varicose Veins

Reduced blood flow (venous insufficiency) and damage to the valves in the veins can lead to varicose veins of different sizes. There are different classifications of varicose veins in various scientific articles. However, in general, we can talk about three types of varicose vein classifications. These;

  1. Capillary Varicose Veins (Telangiectasia): These varicose veins, which do not cause skin swelling, are smaller than 1-2 mm in diameter and are purple-red in color, are usually caused by hairline cracks. This type of varicose veins, which resembles a spider web, is common in pregnant and young women using hormones.
  2. Reticular Varicose Veins: These are varicose veins that are blue in color, slightly raised on the skin, and usually occur behind the knees and around the ankles.
  3. Large Vein Varicose Veins: These varicose veins have a raised appearance on the skin and a green color, varying in size from 4 to 15 mm on average. arrival type. Varicose veins, which have all the symptoms of varicose veins, occur due to the deterioration of the large vein called the saphenous vein in the leg area.


How to Treat Varicose Veins?

Arrival The most well-known and applied treatment method is the removal of varicose veins. However, this method of treatment can lead to a somewhat laborious and lengthy recovery process. In addition to this treatment method, vascular sclerotherapy stands out as another treatment method. However, there is a potential for varicose veins to recur with this treatment. Another treatment method for varicose veins is laser treatment. A catheter is inserted into the vein and the varicose vein is cauterized with the help of a laser beam. The use of catheters in another radiofrequency approach to varicose vein treatment is also problematic. In this method, radio waves are sent to varicose veins through the catheter. The heat generated at this stage can burn varicose veins. It should not be forgotten that local anesthesia is used in all of the above-mentioned treatment methods. After these treatments, patients can be discharged immediately.

How to Prevent Varicose Veins?

  • Regular exercise such as running, walking, cycling, swimming
  • Not working by standing or sitting for long periods of time
  • Getting rid of excess weight
  • Avoid sitting with your legs crossed for long periods of time
  • Avoid wearing very tight and tight clothing
  • Choose comfortable shoes instead of high heels
  • Avoid constipation and consume fiber-rich foods
  • Rest with your legs up after standing for a long time
  • Hot springs with the effect of heat arrival It facilitates its formation and increases complaints. 
  • People who have to work standing due to their profession, those who have a genetic predisposition to varicose veins arrival They can use socks.
  • It may be beneficial to massage other parts of the leg, although not directly on the varicose veins.
  • It is useful to get up and walk regularly on journeys that require sitting for long periods of time.

If you have one or more of the above symptoms, it is recommended that you go to the nearest health institution to avoid wasting time.

Do Varicose Veins Cause Problems?

Varicose veins that are only visually disturbing at first; They can cause severe pain in the legs, phlebitis, rupture and bleeding of the veins, as well as blood clot formation in the veins and blood clot formation in the lungs (pulmonary embolism).