What is Aortic Valve Disease? How to Treat?
Writer: Prof. Dr. Yavuz Besogul
Aortic valve disease is a disorder of the valve that is between the main artery going from the left side of the heart to the whole body, sometimes congenitally having two leaflets, sometimes rheumatically, later becoming calcified, or sometimes congenital as a result of connective tissue failure and manifesting itself in advanced ages.
Stenosis may occur as a result of calcification, and sometimes failure due to connective tissue disorder causes the heart to become extremely enlarged. While both stenosis and insufficiency will enlarge the left side of the heart, the strength of the heart muscle decreases as a result of the dysfunction of a heart that is blocked in front. If the period is delayed too much, if timely intervention is not performed, if surgery is not performed on time, the heart enlargement reaches the stage of advanced heart contraction disorder called cardiomyopathy, and the patient's next surgery will be at very high risk.
The primary important criterion is that the heart muscle does not thicken and the heart does not enlarge. Nowadays, with modern techniques, sometimes the heart valve is repaired and sometimes it is completely replaced. This is done with minimally invasive surgical techniques, with a small incision of 4 centimeters on the side, under the arm, or, if the lungs are bad, with a small incision of 4-5 centimeters from the front, to repair or replace the heart valve. Aortic valve surgery Afterwards, the growth in the patient's heart stops and the heart returns to normal within 1-2 years.