What is Eisenmenger Syndrome?

Eisenmenger syndrome is a syndrome that occurs as a result of a congenital hole or defect between the two chambers of the heart and can have serious and fatal consequences. Blood circulation between the heart and lungs is abnormal. Clean blood from the left side of the heart passes to the right side, causing blood flow to the lungs. This causes blood to accumulate and pool in the lungs. At the same time, the pressure in the lung vessels increases, the vessels harden and narrow. Therefore, lung tissue and vessels are damaged and their functioning is negatively affected. When the disease reaches advanced stages, the blood circulation between the heart and lungs is reversed, causing dirty blood to be pumped into the body instead of clean.

VSD (Ventricular septal defect) is the hole between the ventricles, ASD (Atrial septal defect) is the hole between the atria, Patent Ductus Arteriosus, which refers to the opening between the pulmonary artery and aortic artery, Atrioventricular Canal Defect, which refers to the hole between the lower and upper chambers of the heart, is the heart that causes Eisenmenger syndrome. are among the diseases.

The main symptoms of Esienmenger syndrome include bluish or grayish skin color, referred to as cyanosis, easy fatigue and shortness of breath, chest pain, palpitations, fainting, bloody cough, dizziness and abdominal swelling.

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