What is Infective Endocarditis?
Writer: Prof. Dr. Yavuz Besogul
Endocarditis means inflammation or microbial infection of the inner surface of the heart and heart valves. Bacteria that enter the blood for various reasons can invade the inner surface of the heart and multiply there. However, these infections can also affect the heart valves. Additionally, these infections can be carried to different parts of the body through the bloodstream. Especially people with heart disease such as congenital heart disease or heart valve disease should be more careful about infection.
Symptoms of Infective Endocarditis
Symptoms of infective endocarditis can be seen in different ways in patients. Patients may also experience fever of unknown cause and intense microbes in the blood. While endocarditis can sometimes cause some lung problems, it can sometimes cause vascular occlusions in different organs such as the brain, arms and legs, and liver. In some cases, the cause of the paralysis may be clots and embolism due to this endocarditis.
Infective Endocarditis Treatment
Infective endocarditis is a serious disease that must be treated. In the treatment of endocarditis, antibiotic treatment is first applied depending on the patient's condition. In cases where there is no response to antibiotic treatment, surgical intervention is possible. In some cases, direct surgical intervention is performed on the patient. Surgical intervention may be necessary to eliminate the infection in the heart and correct the structure inside the heart, to eliminate heart valve problems, in cases of severe heart failure due to endocarditis, clots and embolism. The timing of surgical intervention is very important.