What is Mitral Valve Surgery?

Repair or replacement of the valve between the heart's left atrium and left ventricle mitral valve surgery It is called. Surgery is used to treat diseases such as valve insufficiency or stenosis. Mitral valve regurgitation is a condition that causes blood to flow backwards because the valve does not close. Mitral valve stenosis occurs as a result of the narrowing of the valve and therefore the inability of blood to flow sufficiently. These diseases can lead to heart rhythm disturbances, heart failure, and other serious heart problems.

In Which Situations Is Mitral Valve Surgery Performed?

The patient undergoes a detailed examination before surgery. Tests such as blood tests, ECG (electrocardiography) and echocardiography are performed. A suitable place for cutting the rib cage, which may be closed, is determined. The patient is put under general anesthesia during the operation, so he or she becomes unconscious and does not feel pain. The rib cage is opened to allow access for the surgical team. A sternotomy (cutting of the breastbone) is usually performed for this procedure. In some cases, minimally invasive techniques may also be used.

The heart's work is temporarily stopped. This is necessary to safely perform work on the heart. Blood is pumped out of the heart and a heart-lung machine (bypass machine) is used to provide oxygen to the body. The mitral valve can be repaired or replaced. Valve repair involves repairing damaged valve structure. Valve replacement involves implanting an artificial valve instead of the mitral valve. If possible, valve repair is preferred. Because the use of artificial valves may cause some long-term complications.

When the surgery is over, the rib cage is closed again. The sternum is joined with steel wires or stitches. The heart is restarted with blood taken from the heart-lung machine. The skin scar is closed and stitches are placed. The patient stays in intensive care for a while in the postoperative period and is then taken to a normal room. The patient's heart function and general health are closely monitored throughout the recovery process. Mitral valve surgery The healing process may vary from person to person. Postoperative rehabilitation and follow-up are important. These stages may vary depending on the type of surgery and the patient's health condition. In the post-operative period, you should follow your doctor's recommendations and attend regular follow-up appointments.

Mitral Valve Surgery Stages

What is Mitral Valve Surgery?

The patient undergoes a detailed examination before surgery. Tests such as blood tests, ECG (electrocardiography) and echocardiography are performed. A suitable place for cutting the rib cage, which may be closed, is determined. The patient is put under general anesthesia during the operation, so he or she becomes unconscious and does not feel pain. The rib cage is opened to allow access for the surgical team. A sternotomy (cutting of the breastbone) is usually performed for this procedure. In some cases, minimally invasive techniques may also be used.

The heart's work is temporarily stopped. This is necessary to safely perform work on the heart. Blood is pumped out of the heart and a heart-lung machine (bypass machine) is used to provide oxygen to the body. The mitral valve can be repaired or replaced. Valve repair involves repairing damaged valve structure. Valve replacement involves implanting an artificial valve instead of the mitral valve. If possible, valve repair is preferred. Because the use of artificial valves may cause some long-term complications.

When the surgery is over, the rib cage is closed again. The sternum is joined with steel wires or stitches. The heart is restarted with blood taken from the heart-lung machine. The skin scar is closed and stitches are placed. The patient stays in intensive care for a while in the postoperative period and is then taken to a normal room. The patient's heart function and general health are closely monitored throughout the recovery process. Mitral valve surgery The healing process may vary from person to person. Postoperative rehabilitation and follow-up are important. These stages may vary depending on the type of surgery and the patient's health condition. In the post-operative period, you should follow your doctor's recommendations and attend regular follow-up appointments.

Mitral Valve Surgery Recovery Process

What is Mitral Valve Surgery?

The first few days after surgery may be spent in the intensive care unit of the hospital. During this process, the patient's vital signs are closely monitored and supportive treatments are applied. Then, the patient can be moved to a regular room. During the first week, the patient should rest and activities should be limited. Medicines prescribed by the doctor should be taken regularly. Scars and stitches are monitored and observed for signs of infection.

In the later stages of the recovery process, physical activity is slowly increased depending on the doctor's recommendations. Heavy lifting, excessive effort and sudden movements should be avoided for a few weeks after the operation. The patient should pay attention to his postoperative diet. The diet plan recommended by the doctor should be followed. Guidelines for when to include liquids and foods in order should be followed.

Medicines prescribed by the doctor should be taken regularly. These medications may be used to prevent infection, prevent blood clots, and support heart function. Regular doctor visits should be made throughout the recovery process. The doctor will monitor the patient's progress, adjust medications if necessary and make recommendations. Mitral valve surgery, It can be physically and emotionally challenging for patients. Therefore, supportive family members and psychological support are important in the recovery process. Every patient is different, so the healing process must be personalized. If you have any concerns or problems during this time, you should contact your doctor. The healing process can usually take several weeks to several months and may vary depending on the patient's condition.