Factors That Increase the Risk of Heart Attack in Women
Writer: Prof. Dr. Yavuz Besogul
Heart attack is one of the leading health problems that causes women to lose their lives. Although the risk factors for heart diseases are similar in men and women, there are also factors that increase the risk in women, such as pregnancy, menopause and breast cancer.
In women, vascular occlusion is less common than in men, and while the rate of heart attack due to vascular occlusion is high in men, heart attacks in women occur more often due to spasm and rupture. Factors that increase the risk of heart attack in women are as follows:
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome can cause sugar intolerance, insulin resistance and increased cholesterol levels. Effective treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome, which doubles the risk of vascular calcification, is important in reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases in women.
Although menopause is not directly related to cardiovascular diseases, hormone treatments used to reduce menopause symptoms can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease by causing blood clots.
- Autoimmune Diseases
Autoimmune diseases, which are more common in women than in men, increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
It is among the other risk factors that cause cardiovascular diseases in women, depending on the processes related to pregnancy, menopause or menstruation, or the treatments applied during these processes. Apart from this, problems such as a diet high in saturated fat, lack of exercise, and high cholesterol can also increase the risk of heart attack.