Coronary Bypass Surgery
Coronary bypass surgery is the placement of a new vessel to carry blood to the distal part of the obstruction as a result of the obstruction of the flow of cholesterol limes formed in the vessels that provide blood supply to the muscle by traveling outside the heart. Heart surgery performed for this purpose is very successful today. Generally, surgery is recommended for coronary vessels with more than a single vessel occlusion. Factors such as the number of vessels, widespread occlusion, previous heart attack and decreased heart strength play a role in the success of the surgery.
After opening the chest with minimally invasive techniques on the anterior surface of the chest, the pericardium, which is the outer pericardium, is opened, cannulas are placed in the heart chambers, and the heart is connected to the lung pump, and the heart is stopped and the surgery is performed. This procedure can also be done without stopping the heart, depending on the location and diameter of the vessel. It is generally preferred in cases such as kidney disorder, chronic lung disease, previous cerebrovascular disease, paralysis.
Many minimally invasive techniques have been developed in coronary bypass surgeries. But most can be done in the working heart