Mitral Valve Surgery
In the left side of the heart, that is, the valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle in the great circulation, which is the circulation of clean blood, the mitral valve is the valve most affected by rheumatic diseases. After rheumatic inflammations, the lid structure may thicken and its movements are impaired. In the advanced stages, stenosis and insufficiency occur in the valve. Shortness of breath with climbing stairs is the most obvious symptom. Since it has an insidious course, the surgery should be performed on time without causing heart failure.
Minimally invasive techniques have been developed in the last 30 years due to the fact that mitral valve repair and replacement surgeries are routinely performed in the form of old open heart surgery by making an incision of 35-40 cm in the fibula and the complications are high and the bone union is delayed. The practice of removing the mitral valve by entering the heart and replacing it with a new valve for 50-60 years has provided great experience and enabled the development of new types of heart valves. Today, both the successful application of minimally invasive techniques and advanced bileaflet metal and biological heart valves have increased the success rate in these surgeries. The surgeries performed prolong the lifespan at high rates, such as 30-40 years. Mitral valve repair and replacement surgeries can be performed with minimally invasive (right armpit) techniques.