1-2 Degree Mitral Valve Insufficiency
Writer: Prof. Dr. Yavuz Besogul
Mitral valve insufficiency degrees are considered in 4 levels, and 1st and 2nd degree mitral valve insufficiency is generally tried to be kept under control by patient monitoring. In cases of 3rd degree and 4th degree mitral valve insufficiency, patient treatment should be started as soon as possible.
The degree of insufficiency is important for treatment of mitral valve disorders that may occur due to genetic reasons, mitral valve dysfunction in later ages after febrile illnesses experienced in childhood, or congenital reasons.
Mitral Valve Insufficiency Degrees and Symptoms
1st Degree Mitral Valve Insufficiency: First degree mitral valve insufficiency is a level of insufficiency that does not cause any significant complaints in patients and can be found in many people. It is sufficient for individuals with 1st degree mitral valve insufficiency to be checked at regular intervals. No treatment is applied for level 1 deficiency.
2nd Degree Mitral Valve Insufficiency: Second degree mitral valve insufficiency may cause some mild complaints in individuals. Second degree mitral valve regurgitation is usually found incidentally. Depending on the age, general health status and history of the patients, follow-up of second-level mitral valve regurgitation is necessary. The patient is asked to come for check-ups at regular intervals after echocardiography and some tests deemed necessary by the physician.
3rd-4th Degree Mitral Valve Insufficiency: Levels 3 and 4 are risky in mitral valve insufficiency. It should be treated without delay as it may cause failure in the left side of the heart. Since mitral valve insufficiency is treated successfully today, patients with advanced insufficiency do not need to worry. However, postponing treatment may cause failure to progress and become life-threatening. In patients with 3rd and 4th degree mitral valve insufficiency, respiratory problems, fatigue and heartbeat irregularities may occur. Although advanced mitral valve insufficiency can be controlled with medication in some cases, surgical treatment may be necessary in the future.
Degrees of mitral valve insufficiency may progress if not treated in a timely manner. In cases of 1st and 2nd degree insufficiency, regular follow-up is required. In case of level 3 mitral valve insufficiency, treatment is decided after detailed examinations are performed on the patient. Patients with mitral valve insufficiency grade 4 usually mitral valve surgery (valve repair or replacement) is required.