How to prevent heart attack? – hurriyet.com.tr
Cardiovascular Surgery Specialist Prof. made statements about situations that may cause a heart attack. Dr. Yavuz Beşoğul explains how to approach patients showing heart attack symptoms.
It is actually interesting, but it is one of the questions most asked by young people. Under the stresses of our age (such as exams, job search, financial difficulties, family pressure), 16-25 year olds are afraid of all types of arm numbness and chest pain, interpreting them as signs of a heart attack, and as a result, heart palpitations occur. Our young people, who are actually quite healthy, should be informed about this.
Not every chest pain or left arm numbness is a sign of a heart attack. If we briefly explain what needs to be known to evaluate it as a heart attack;
WHAT ARE THE SITUATIONS THAT CAN CAUSE A HEART ATTACK?
- – The patient must first have a family heart history. In other words, death of a mother or father from a heart attack or bypass surgery.
- – The patient has diabetes in himself or in his family.
- – Being aged 40 and over (in those with familial hypercholesterolemia, i.e. genetically high cholesterol, the lower level drops until the age of 30)
- – Excessive obesity,
- - To smoke,
- – Inactivity, that is, not doing sports and exercise,
- – Malnutrition, especially a diet rich in animal fats,
- - Hypertension
How to prevent heart attack
PATIENTS WITH ONE OR MORE OF THESE:
- – Chest pain, which cannot be described exactly. It is as if a truck is sitting on the chest. The pain may sometimes be accompanied by numbness in the left arm and the last three fingers or tightness radiating to the neck, difficulty in swallowing and/or stomach pain, nausea and vomiting.
- – Excessive sweating,
- – Palpitations, shortness of breath,
- – Dizziness, high or low blood pressure, increased pulse and abnormal heart beats,
- – It may be accompanied by symptoms such as darkening of the eyes.
- – These symptoms usually occur as a result of effort, that is, walking or exercise.
WHEN THESE SYMPTOMS START, THE FIRST THINGS THE PATIENT AND THOSE WHO ARE RELATES SHOULD DO ARE;
- -Immediately kneel down and sit where he is,
- – Taking deep breaths and coughing frequently,
- – Taking an aspirin in the mouth and chewing it,
- – Apply to the nearest hospital or call 112,
- – Evacuate the environment and use air conditioning, etc., if available, to ensure breathing. To be able to put it across the ventilation.
- – If the patient loses consciousness and a very fast and very weak pulse is detected by hand, the airway should be opened by pulling out the tongue with a spoon and a quick punch to the left side of the chest can start the heart, which is about to stop.
Patients with advanced diabetes may have a heart attack without feeling these symptoms.
These symptoms are much more severe and fatal in people who are young, have not done much sports, and have spent their lives sedentary, that is, sitting, because the vessels feeding the heart are not well developed.
Exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy diet, and taking a low-dose aspirin every day for people over the age of 40 are the only ways to protect yourself. Diabetic patients should also have regular check-ups.