What are the Causes of Varicose Veins?

As a result of the valves in the superficial and deep vein system in the legs not closing or leaking back, blood pools in the veins due to the effect of gravity and the subcutaneous veins become fuller and more prominent. This can happen at any age. Causes of varicose veins Genetic factors are mostly effective. The main cause of varicose veins is generally hereditary. It usually begins to appear after birth, and is caused by pressure on the intra-abdominal veins and weight gain during pregnancy. Varicose veins increase with the number of pregnancies. Moreover Causes of varicose veins between; Obesity, standing for long periods of time, birth control pills and hormone treatments are also effective.

What are the Causes of Varicose Veins?

What are the Symptoms of Varicose Veins?

Although varicose veins do not cause symptoms at first, pain and muscle cramps may occur over time. Generally, cosmetically evident appearance is the first reason for application. Lower extremity venous USG is important in diagnosis. In ultrasonography, venous flow leakage, its duration, and vein diameters must be fully revealed, that is, the venous map must be completely drawn. This is very important in directing the treatment. The diameter of the superficial veins and the duration of their leakage reveal which treatment should be applied.

What are the Causes of Varicose Veins?

There are many factors that cause varicose veins. Many factors play a role in the formation mechanism of varicose veins. Pregnancy, obesity, standing for long periods of time, certain professions, being a woman, birth control pills and hormone treatments, wearing tight clothes, constipation, old age and genetic factors are among the causes of varicose veins.  

What are the Varicose Vein Treatment Methods?

Causes of Varicose Veins

In first-stage varicose veins, medical treatment is preferred with drugs that prevent venous pooling from thrombosing and increase flow. From a cosmetic perspective, sclerosing treatment of varicose veins, that is, sclerotherapy, can be applied. Various surgeries have been preferred in the treatment of varicose veins for years. Although open surgical technique was first used, less invasive techniques have been developed today due to complications such as anesthesia risk, hospital stay, and surgical infection. Nowadays, we perform vein embolization due to its minimal complications. In this method, there is no anesthesia or surgical incision, no hospitalization is required, and the patient walks. So the patient does not have any restrictions. The process is simple and safe. An embolizing drug is administered by placing a catheter in the superficial vein under ultrasound guidance, and its effect is observed immediately afterwards with the same ultrasound. The patient returns to his normal life immediately.

How to Prevent Varicose Vein Development?

Varicose veins, which initially only cause visual discomfort, may invite various diseases in the future. For this reason, in order to prevent the development of varicose veins, the doctor must be consulted and the rules specified by the doctor within the scope of treatment must be followed. To prevent the development of varicose veins;

  • Regular exercise should be done,
  • You should not work by standing or sitting for long periods of time.
  • Excess weight should be lost, attention should be paid to a balanced diet,
  • You should not sit with your legs crossed for a long time.
  • Very tight and tight clothing should not be preferred.
  • Comfortable shoes should be worn instead of high heels.
  • High fiber foods should be consumed.