Why Do Varicose Veins Occur at a Young Age?

         Varicose veins occur in the legs as a result of the insufficiency of the valves in the superficial and deep vein system, causing blood to pool under the influence of gravity and the subcutaneous veins becoming fuller and more prominent.  Varicose veins at a young age The frequency of occurrence is high. There are many reasons for this:

  1. The most common cause is hereditary.
  2. Sedentary occupational disease (standing too much, walking too little),
  3. Obesity, not exercising,
  4. Sitting at a desk and having dangling feet,
  5. Frequently making long journeys and not moving during the journey,
  6. Birth and frequent multiple births.
  7. Frequent consumption of substances such as cigarettes and alcohol.
  8. In addition to all these, failure to use blood thinners may lead to clot formation in the vein, which may lead to death if the clot breaks off and reaches the lungs.

         Although varicose veins do not cause symptoms at first, pain and muscle cramps may occur over time. Generally, cosmetically evident appearance is the first reason for application. Lower extremity venous USG is important in diagnosis. In ultrasonography, venous flow leakage, its duration, and vein diameters must be fully revealed, that is, the venous map must be completely drawn. This is very important in directing the treatment. The diameter of the superficial veins and the duration of their leakage reveal which treatment should be applied.

         In first-stage varicose veins, medical treatment is preferred with drugs that prevent venous pooling from thrombosing and increase flow. From a cosmetic perspective, sclerosing treatment of varicose veins, that is, sclerotherapy, can be applied.

For years varicose veins at a young age Various surgeries have been preferred in its treatment. Although open surgical technique was first used, less invasive techniques have been developed today due to complications such as anesthesia risk, hospital stay, and surgical infection. Nowadays, we perform vein embolization due to its minimal complications. In this method, there is no anesthesia or surgical incision, no hospitalization is required, and the patient walks. So the patient does not have any restrictions. The process is simple and safe. Under ultrasound guidance, a catheter is inserted into the superficial vein and an embolizing drug is administered, and its effect is observed immediately afterwards with the same ultrasound. The patient returns to his normal life immediately.

Symptoms of Varicose Veins at a Young Age

Varicose veins reveal themselves very clearly with some symptoms. These symptoms;

  • Blue and purple swelling on the legs.
  • Itching
  • Feeling of heaviness in legs
  • Numbness in legs
  • Pain

Varicose Vein Treatment

Varicose veins at a young age For patients with varicose veins, varicose vein treatment is not provided with methods such as creams, compression stockings, herbal creams, or medications. However, varicose veins can be treated with non-surgical treatment techniques.

Types of Varicose Veins

Varicose veins; They are divided into 3 groups: capillary varicose veins, reticular varicose veins and large vein varicose veins.

Capillary varicose veinsThis varicose vein, also known as telangiectasia, occurs as a result of the cracking of the capillaries. Its appearance is likened to spider webs. It is more common in pregnant women and women using hormones.

reticular varicose veins They are varicose veins that appear as raised and blue colored skin mostly behind the knees and around the ankles.

Large vein varicose veins It occurs as a result of insufficiency of the large veins in the leg. All symptoms of varicose veins are seen. It swells a lot and its color is green.

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