What are the symptoms of Mitral Valve Insufficiency?
Symptoms of mitral valve insufficiency are generally ignored by patients because they are attributed to reasons such as stress, smoking and fatigue. Mitral insufficiency, which is an insidiously progressive disease, does not cause many symptoms in the early stages of the disease. For this reason, the diagnosis of mitral valve diseases usually occurs incidentally during checks performed for a different disease.
In mitral valve diseases; Insufficiency, stenosis, and both insufficiency and stenosis may be observed. The causes of mitral valve diseases are as follows:
- After the microbe called beta streptococcus infects the throat and joints, the defense mechanism developed by the body affects the heart valves in later ages and the valves become calcified,
- Birth-related causes,
- Deterioration of the mitral valve after a heart attack at an older age
Mitral kapak hastalıklarının %80-85’i çocukken geçirilen iltihaplı hastalıklara bağlı olarak meydana gelir. Kalbin sol kulakçığı ile sol karıncığı arasında yer alan mitral kapağın kireçlenmesi ya da dokunun zedelenmesi sonrası kalp kapağında kaçak ve yetmezlik oluşabilir.
Symptoms of Mitral Valve Insufficiency
- Shortness of breath,
- Don't get tired easily,
- Heart 'fluttering'
Since symptoms of mitral valve insufficiency are often attributed to other causes, they are not given much importance by patients. Mitral valve diseases can be detected by echocardiography after patients who have consulted a doctor for different reasons are referred to cardiovascular surgery.
How is Mitral Valve Insufficiency Treated?
Early diagnosis and treatment are of great importance in the treatment of heart valve diseases. If the insufficiency or stenosis problem in the heart valves progresses too much, treatment may become difficult. Today, using minimally invasive surgery, heart valve repair or replacement can be performed in the side chest wall, lower end of the chest or under the armpit. Mitral valve surgery performed using closed heart surgery methods allows patients to return to their daily lives in a shorter time. However, the risk of bleeding after closed heart surgery is lower and patients do not experience pain complaints as in open surgery.
What Happens If Mitral Valve Diseases Are Untreated?
If mitral valve insufficiency or stenosis problems are not treated, blood pools in the lungs and lung blood pressure rises. This condition, which causes heart failure, can be life-threatening. Performed with minimally invasive surgery mitral valve surgery While it has a high success rate, it also provides advantages in terms of patient comfort.