What is Coronary Bypass Surgery?
It is a surgical procedure used in cases where blood flow is blocked as a result of occlusion of the vessels of the heart. Coronary bypass surgery During the procedure, a new pathway is created to replace the blocked veins. In this method, other veins in the body are used. The method is applied to restore the heart muscle's access to adequate oxygen and nutrition. Its purpose is to relieve symptoms related to heart disease.
In Which Situations Is Coronary Bypass Surgery Performed?
Coronary artery disease occurs as a result of blockage or narrowing of the arteries. It is one of the most common reasons for surgery. The disease can lead to serious complications such as chest pain, myocardial infarction (heart attack) and heart failure. It may be recommended if more than one coronary artery is blocked. Three-vessel disease is a condition in which a large part of the heart muscle is affected. It is a condition that usually cannot be treated by methods such as angioplasty or stent placement.
Coronary artery disease can lead to more serious consequences in people with additional risk factors such as diabetes. In this case, surgery can reduce this risk by re-blooding the heart vessels. The left main coronary artery is one of the main feeding vessels of the heart. In case of severe narrowing or blockage of the artery, there may be a life-threatening situation. In such a case, surgical intervention is usually the preferred treatment option.
It may be considered in people who have previously had coronary stents placed, in case of re-occlusion. If the arteries are blocked or narrowed, it may be a more effective option. Coronary bypass surgeryIt is evaluated according to the patient's special condition and the severity of his disease. The operation is a procedure that restores blood flow by re-blooding the heart vessels. It can improve patients' quality of life and prolong life.
Coronary Bypass Surgery Stages
The patient is subjected to a detailed evaluation by his doctors before the operation. The patient's general health condition, the condition of the coronary arteries and other medical factors are taken into account.
The patient is informed about the risks and benefits of surgical intervention. All questions regarding the surgical procedure are answered. Before the operation, the patient is usually placed under full anesthesia. This is a type of anesthesia that causes the patient to lose consciousness.
The surgeon performs a sternotomy to open the rib cage. Sternotomy means opening the breastbone. The procedure is necessary so that the surgeon can reach the heart. The normal pumping function of the heart is stopped and the patient is connected to a lung machine.
It stops the heart from doing its job, allowing the surgeon to perform the surgery. Vein grafts are used to create new pathways to correct blockages in the coronary arteries.
The surgeon fixes blocked arteries and problems around the coronary arteries. He then places grafts. Grafts redirect blood flow by connecting to areas of intact vessels beyond the blocked area. After performing all necessary bypasses, the surgeon restarts the normal functioning of the heart. When the procedure is completed, the surgeon closes the rib cage again. The sternum is fixed with metal wire or stitches.
A defibrillator can be used when necessary to correct the heart rhythm. The patient is awakened to the postoperative period and separated from the lung machine. The patient is taken to the intensive care unit and the recovery process is monitored. The process may vary depending on the patient's general health condition. Coronary bypass surgeryIt is an effective method to treat blockages.
Things to Consider After Coronary Bypass Surgery
Regularly follow the medications and treatment plan recommended by your doctor after the operation. Go to your appointments regularly and follow instructions. Follow a healthy diet. Eat in accordance with the diet plan given by your dietitian. Choose low-salt and low-fat foods.
Also pay attention to fibrous foods such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Physical activity can support your recovery process after surgery. However, do not start exercising without your doctor's approval. It may generally be appropriate to start with light walks and increase activity over time.
Avoid smoking and limit alcohol consumption or quit altogether. Smoking and alcohol can negatively affect vascular health and slow down the healing process. Be careful with special medications, such as blood thinners, and take them according to your doctor's instructions. Pay attention to wound care.
Perform wound cleaning as recommended to prevent wound infection. Avoid stress or try to reduce stress. You can use methods such as relaxing techniques, meditation or yoga. Get the support of your family and close circle. Emotional support can be important in your recovery process. Pay attention to any food or drug interactions noted.
Some foods or drinks may interact with medications. Report any abnormal symptoms after surgery to your doctor immediately. Coronary bypass surgery post- It requires a careful healing process and every patient is different. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to specific recommendations and instructions.