Venous Insufficiency Disease, Symptoms and Treatment Methods

Venous insufficiency disease, which is more common today, especially in people who work standing, is the insufficiency of the vein valves. Vein valves have a structure that allows blood to flow in one direction towards the heart. Over time, these valves cannot send blood to the heart depending on gravity, and when they fail to do this, pooling occurs backwards and the valves open further. As a result, venous insufficiency disease becomes increasingly severe. Foot swelling increases and varicose veins may appear in the legs. There comes a time when this swelling and varicose veins cause cramps. After a while, discoloration of the feet may occur.

Article Content 
  • Complaints of Venous Insufficiency Patients
  • Diagnosis of Venous Insufficiency Disease
  • Causes of Venous Insufficiency Disease
  • Venous Insufficiency Disease Symptoms
  • Venous Insufficiency Disease Treatment Methods

1. Complaints of Venous Insufficiency Patients

  • pain in leg
  • varicose vein formation
  • Swelling and edema in the leg
  • Feeling of heaviness and restlessness in the legs
  • Discoloration of ankles
  • Progressive wounds on the legs

2. Diagnosis of Venous Insufficiency Disease

The definitive diagnosis of venous insufficiency disease is made by clinical examination and color Doppler ultrasonography.

3. Causes of Venous Insufficiency Disease

Veins are the vessels that carry dirty blood from the body to the heart. In venous insufficiency, which occurs due to defects in the valves in the veins, blood pools in the legs as a result of the blood not being sent towards the heart. In addition, this problem may occur due to blockages in the veins due to some factors such as clots. Risk factors for venous insufficiency include genetic predisposition, working standing for long periods of time, being overweight, and smoking.

4. Venous Insufficiency Disease Symptoms

Venous insufficiency is a disease that progresses continuously after it begins. In this process, it can manifest itself with varicose vein formations in the legs. The main symptoms of venous insufficiency disease are:

  • pain in leg
  • varicose vein formation
  • Swelling and edema in the leg
  • Feeling of heaviness and restlessness in the legs
  • Discoloration of ankles
  • Progressive wounds on the legs

5. Venous Insufficiency Disease Treatment Methods

Venous insufficiency disease can occur in superficial veins or deep veins. Therefore, in the treatment of this disease, it must first be clearly determined whether the problem is in the superficial veins that help carry dirty blood to the heart under the skin or in the deeper main veins and treatments must be applied accordingly. However, the cause of the disease and whether there is an underlying factor must be investigated. If deemed appropriate by the physician, compression stockings may be recommended in some cases. Applications such as removing the vein with surgery, laser, and radiofrequency are among the treatment options. Additionally, vein valve repair surgeries can be performed. In cases where a blocked vein needs to be opened, widening the blockage with a balloon and placing a stent has recently become possible. It is extremely important to diagnose venous insufficiency disease at an early stage and apply the necessary treatment before the disease progresses.

 

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